The National Geographic in 2013 initiated a five-series International Symposium titled Dialogue of Civilizations for interactions between archaeologists and professionals of five civilisations, namely Mesoamerican, Egyptian, Mesopotamian, South Asian and Chinese. The first conference in the series was held in Guatemala in 2013, followed by Turkey in 2014 and China in 2015.

The fourth Dialogue was held during October 8-14 in India. Hosted by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) in collaboration with the National Geographic, the  conference was hosted at the institute during October 9-11. Leading archaeologists of India — Dr S B Ota, Joint Director-General, ASI; Dr M Nambirajan, Region Director, ASI West; and Dr Anil Tiwari, Superintending Archaeologist, ASI Vadodara — attended the event.

The conference concluded at Dholavira, Rann of Kutch. The academic sessions encompassed discussions on Harappan civilisation, craft & technologies, trade & communication, town planning and hydrology in ancient civilisations.